Sarah K. Easley, Ph.D., P.E. Senior Engineer Professional Profile Dr. Sarah Easley is a Senior Engineer in Exponent’s Mechanical Engineering practice. Dr. Easley specializes in solid mechanics, biomechanics, finite element analysis (FEA), and mechanics of materials. Dr. Easley has extensive experience performing numerical analyses of consumer electronics and medical devices. He
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Curriculum vitae 2013.docCurriculum Vitae
Mr Andrew M. C. Thomas FRCS
Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon
Andrew Martin Charles THOMAS
Exeter School, Exeter.
The London Hospital Medical College
Degrees and Diplomas:
Training Awards and Scholarships:
The John Dove Travelling Fellowship
Best Poster Prize John Charnley Trust Fellowship Appointments held:
Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon,
The Royal Orthopaedic Hospital andThe University Hospital BirminghamMedical Director, Royal Orthopaedic Hospital NHS TrustHonorary Senior Clinical Lecturer, University of BirminghamVisiting Professor Optical Engineering UnitCranfield UniversityBritish Orthopaedic Association
My present appointment is as Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon to the
Royal Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Foundation Trust and the University
Hospital Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust. I have nineteen years
experience as a Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon.
I have an extensive clinical practice in arthritis surgery, rheumatoidsurgery and joint replacement.
In my clinical work I also see patients with back pain and sciatica and Iundertake lumbar spine surgery. In my clinical research work I wasresponsible for the recent development of the computer interview systemfor back pain we use at the Royal Orthopaedic Hospital.
I have a strong background in Orthopaedic research with over 30publications in learned journals in both clinical and basic science researchincluding bioengineering. This work was recognised by my appointment as Visiting Professor by thedepartment of Engineering at Cranfield University.
I have served as the Medical Director of the Royal Orthopaedic HospitalNHS Trust and I am now a member of the professional practice committeeof The British Orthopaedic Association, which gives means I have expertisein clinical governence and risk management.
I have served on Department of Health groups on surgical instrumentdecontamination and operating theatre microbiology testing.
I engage in orthopaedic private practice at the Priory Hospital,Birmingham and the Royal Orthopaedic Hospital.
I have a medico-legal private practice which is approximately an equalmixture of plaintiff and defendant work and some joint instructions Iaccept around 200 new instructions per year.
I have experience of giving evidence in clinical negligence cases for theMedical Protection Society and the CNST.
I have experience of giving evidence in Court in personal injury claims andin attending the Coroner’s Court in relation both to my trauma practice andon behalf of the Royal Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust.
I have experience in presenting evidence to enquiries and tribunals and Ihave radio and television experience in health matters.
House Physican in Medicine
Dr FM McGown
Oldchurch Hospital, Romford
House Surgeon in Surgery and Orthopaedics
Mr Brian Roper, Mr Basil Helal, Mr Mike Pilcher and Professor HD Ritchie
The London Hospital
SHO in A&E and orthopaedics
Mr Paul Stableforth and Mr John Newman
Bristol Royal Infirmary
SHO in Surgery
Sir Alan Parks
The London Hospital
SHO in Neurosurgery
Mr David Hardy, Mr TT King and Professor ES Watkins
SHO Rotation in General and Vascular Surgery and Orthopaedics
Mr RP Boggon, Mr C Moore and Mr MB Haywood-Waddington
Surgical Registrar Rotation in General and Vascular Surgery and Urology
Mr MW Mee and Mr JM Towler
The Luton and Dunstable Hospital
1983-4Registrar in NeurosurgeryMr JJ McMillan and Mr AD HockleyQueen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham1984-88Registrar in Trauma and OrthopaedicsMr JR Pearson, Mr PEH Wilson, Mr AG Thompson, Mr JCT Fairbank,Mr RJ Cherry and Mr NPStJ DwyerThe Royal Orthopaedic Hospital, Coventry and Warwickshire Hospital andEast Birmingham Hospital1988-91Senior Registrar in Trauma and OrthopaedicsMr ME Blakemore, Mr JC Clegg, Mr PJ Mulligan, Mr KM Porter andMr Derek McMinnThe Royal Orthopaedic Hospital, Coventry and Warwickshire Hospital andThe Birmingham Accident Hospital1991John Charnley Fellow in Rheumatoid Arthritis SurgeryPrincess Margaret Rose Hospital, EdinburghMr William Souter and Mr Peter AbernethyRoyal Society Japan FellowshipUniversity of Toyama, JapanProfessor H Tsuji Scientific Publications:
My scientific publications in books
and peer reviewed scientific journals:
Choice Framework for local Policy and Procedures 01-01:Management and decontamination of surgical instruments (medical devices) used in acute care.
Andrew Thomas (Co-author on behalf of the Royal College of Surgeons of England)DOH publications 2012 Hip abductor re-attachment audited using a wire marker.
Gulraj M, Thomas AM, Pynsent PB.
Acta Orthopaedica Belgica.
77-4, 494-496, 2011.
The response of T cells to interleukin-6 is differentially regulated by themicroenvironment of the rheumatoid synovial fluid and tissue.
Hidalgo E, Essex SJ, Yeo L, Curnow SJ, Filer A, Cooper MS,Thomas AM, McGettrick HM, Salmon M, Buckley CD, Raza K,Scheel-Toellner D.
Arthritis Rheum2011 Nov;63(11):3284-93The influence of head size and sex on the outcome of Birmingham hipresurfacing.
McBryde CW, Theivendran K, Thomas AM, Treacy RB, Pynsent PB.
J Bone Joint Surg Am.
2010 Jan;92(1):105-12 Synergistic induction of local glucocorticoid generation by inflammatorycytokines and glucocorticoids: implications for inflammation associatedbone loss.
Kaur K, Hardy R, Ahasan MM, Eijken M, van Leeuwen JP, Filer A,Thomas AM, Raza K, Buckley CD, Stewart PM, Rabbitt EH,Hewison M, Cooper MS.
Galectin 3 induces a distinctive pattern of cytokine and chemokineproduction in rheumatoid synovial fibroblasts via selective signalingpathways.
Filer A, Bik M, Parsonage GN, Fitton J, Trebilcock E, Howlett K, Cook M,Raza K, Simmons DL, Thomas AM, Salmon M, Scheel-Toellner D, LordJM, Rabinovich GA, Buckley CD.
Arthritis Rheum2009 Jun;60(6):1604-14. Intertrochanteric fracture below Birmingham Hip Resurfacing: Successful non-operative management in two cases.
Morgan D, Myers, G, O’Dwyer K, Thomas AM.
Injury Extra (2008) 39, 313—315Changes in body weight following lower limb arthroplasty.
Mughal E, Desai P, Ashraf F, Khan Y, Dunlop D, Treacy RB, and ThomasAM.
J Bone Joint Surg Br ProceedingsJul 2008; 90-B: 319.
The influence of surgical approach on outcome in Birmingham HipResurfacing.
McBryde CJ, Revell MP, Thomas AM, Treacy RB, Pynsent PB.
Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research. Apr;466(4):920-6, 2008.
Chapter in: Modern Hip ResurfacingMcMinn, Derek J.W. (Ed.) Springer 2008, ISBN: 978-1-84800-087-2 Differential Survival of Leukocyte Subsets Mediated by Synovial, Bone Marrow, and Skin FibroblastsFiler A, Thomas AM, Lord J, Salmon M, Buckley CD.et al.
Arthritis and RheumatismVol. 54, No. 7, July 2006, pp 2096–2108 Metatarsal head resection in the rheumatoid foot: 5-year follow-up withand without resection of the first metatarsal head.
Hulse N., Thomas AM.
J Foot Ankle Surg.
2006 Mar-Apr;45(2):107-12. Anaemia in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis recovering from revision ofa hip replacement.
Prabu A, Bhosle J, Duddy MJ, Thomas AM, Rankin EC.
Rheumatology (Oxford). 2005 Nov;44 (11): 1461The role of leukocyte-stromal interactions in chronic inflammatory jointdisease.
Burman A, Haworth O, Bradfield P, Parsonage G, Filer A, Thomas AM,Amft N,Salmon M, Buckley CD.
Joint Bone Spine. 2005 Jan;72(1):10-6. Detection of differentially expressed genes in synovial fibroblasts byrestriction fragment differential display.
Scaife S, Brown R, Kellie S, Filer A, Martin S, Thomas AM,Bradfield PF, Amft N, Salmon M, Buckley CD.
Rheumatology (Oxford). 2004 Nov;43(11):1346-52.
Rheumatoid fibroblast-like synoviocytes overexpress the chemokinestromal cell-derived factor 1 (CXCL12), which supports distinct patterns and rates of CD4+ and CD8+ T cellmigration within synovial tissue.
Bradfield PF, Amft N, Vernon-Wilson E, Exley AE, Parsonage G, RaingerGE, Nash GB, Thomas AM, Simmons DL, Salmon M,Buckley CD.
Arthritis and Rheumatism2003 Sep;48(9):2472-82. Debridement arthroplasty for osteoarthritis of the elbow.
Pimpalnerkar AL, Sloan R, Thomas AM.
J Bone Joint Surg Br Proceedings, Jul 2002; 84-B: 171. Measuring Performance in the NHS: What Really Matters? Appleby J, Thomas AMC.
British Medical Journal.
Growth of Pakistani children in relation to the 1990 growth standardsKelly AM, Shaw NJ, Thomas AM, Pynsent PB, Baker DJArchives of Disease in Childhood 77: 401-405, 1997.
Multiple Rice Body Formation of Chronic Sub-acromial/Sub-deltoidBursitisGriffith JH, Pels WC, Evans NS, Smallman LA, Won RW,Thomas AM. Clinical Radiology 51: 511-514, 1996.
Chapter: Measurement of Vertebral Bloodflow and its significance in DiscDisease In: Lumbar Spine Disorders, Current ConceptsEditors Aspden and Porter. Publisher World Scientific 1995.
Surgical Management of Haemangioendothelioma of the Spine. Marks DS, Thomas AM, Thompson AG, Mills S.
European Spine Journal 4: 186-190, 1995.
Chapter: The SpineIn: Outcome Measures in OrthopaedicsEditors Pynsent, Fairbank and Carr. Butterworth 1993.
The Effect of Polymethylmethacrylate Bone Cement Vibration on the Bone-Cement Interface. Thomas AMC, McMinn DJW, McCall I, Haddaway M.
Cells and Materials2: 163-168, 1992.
Methods of Testing for Orthopaedic Bone Staples, McCombe PF, Thomas AMC, Pynsent PB, Thompson AG.
Journal of the American Society for Testing and Materials. April 1992.
The response of the human femur to mechanical vibrationThomas AMC, Luo DZ, Dunn JW.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering13: 58-60, 1991.
Pullout force of power-driven staples in cadaveric femoral metaphysisMcCombe PF, Thomas AMC, Pynsent PB, Thompson AG.
Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma4: 158-162, 1990.
Benign haemangioma of bone in a middle phalanxThomas AMC, Mulligan PJ, Jones L.
The Journal of Hand Surgery15(4): 484-486, 1990.
A computer interview system for patients with back pain Thomas AMC, Fairbank JCT, Pynsent PB, Baker D.
Spine14: 844-846, 1989.
The BOA Orthopaedic Growth RecordThomas AMC.
Ware: Castlemead PublicationsNovember 1989.
Effect of low frequency vibration on the flow of polymethymethacrylatebone cementThomas AMC, Dunn JW, Luo DZ.
The Lancet, lettersi: 116-7, 1988.
Retained surgical swab debris in post laminectomy arachnoiditis andperidural fibrosisHoyland J, Freemont AJ, Denton J, Thomas AMC, McMillan JJ, JaysonMIV.
The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery70B: 659-662, 1988.
The microsurgical treatment of lumbar disc protrusionThomas AMC, Afshar F.
The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery69-B: 696-698, 1987.
Rest pain and leg ulceration due to syphilitic osteomyelitis of the tibiaWaltzman M, Wade AAH, Drake SM, Thomas AMC.
British Medical Journal293: 804-805, 1986.
Incompetent perforating vein ligation in the treatment of venousulceration Thomas, AMC, Tomlinson PJ, Boggon, RP.
Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England68: 214-215, 1986.
Venous ulceration in hypogonadal menThomas AMC.
The Lancet, lettersii: 1103,1982.
Simultaneous presentation of two cerebral arterial aneurysmsThomas AMC.
Postgraduate Medical Journal60: 135-136, 1984.
Bromocriptine induced cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhoeaAfshar F, Thomas AMC.
Surgical Neurology18: 61-63, 1983.
• Example of intelligent system: OCR• k-Nearest Neighbor Classifier• Generative model• Maximum likelihood• Naïve Bayes model• Gaussian model– Input: scanned images, photos, vdo images– Output: text file– Electronic stylus e.g. PDA– Online handwritten recognition– Image enhancement, denoise, deskew, . – Binarization• Layout analysis and character segmentation• Chara