The regular meeting of the City Council was called to order by Mayor Andersen at 5:00 P.M. The Pledge of Allegiance to the flag was recited. Roll Call showed the following members present: Mayor Andersen, Council Members Gumke, Kourajian, Nygaard and Schulz, City Attorney Dalsted, City Engineer Schwartzkopf and City Administrator Fuchs. Council Member Kourajian moved to approve the minutes of the
Suomen sivusto, jossa voit ostaa halvalla ja laadukas Viagra http://osta-apteekki.com/ toimitus kaikkialle maailmaan.
Yritti äskettäin viagra, se toimii erittäin tehokkaasti)) Ostaa Internetin kautta täällä cialis Myös ostaa levitra oikeudenkäynti, vaikutus on silmiinpistävää.
Evolutionary-ecology.comEvolutionary Ecology Research, 2002, 4: 1017–1032
Generations of the polyphenic butterfly
Araschnia levana differ in body design
1Department of Zoology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Southern Bohemia and 2Institute of Entomology, Czech Academy of Sciences, Branisˇovská 31, CZ-370 05 Cˇeské Budeˇjovice, Czech Republic ABSTRACT
The European Map Butterfly, Araschnia levana (Nymphalidae), represents a classicalexample of seasonal polymorphism, in which summer and spring generations differ strikinglyin wing colour pattern. Although the physiological background to the formation of thetwo forms is well known, few studies have explored its possible ecological significance. Basedon previous findings that both population number and body size tend to be larger in summer,we examined the hypothesis that the summer generation is more capable of long-distancedispersal. We re-analysed mark–recapture data on the butterfly using the multi-strata modellingdesign in the program MARK, compared biomechanical design traits of the spring- andsummer-generation butterflies using canonical variate analysis, and tested for inter-generationdifferences in allometry relations of design traits to body size. The summer butterflies hadshorter residence times and a higher probability of movements among capture sites thanthe spring butterflies, indicating greater mobility. Regarding the design traits, adults ofsummer-generation butterflies had a heavier thorax, lower abdomen to body mass ratio,larger wing area, less pointed wings and lower wing loading. The differences in design traitsremained significant even after filtering out the effect of sex. Multiple regressions of the bio-mechanical traits against dry body mass confirmed the above differences between generationsand showed that the differences were not only due to different body size. The results supportthe notion of greater mobility of summer-generation A. levana and suggest the possibilitythat differential dispersal is much more widespread in butterflies with multiple generations.
This is well known in insect groups that demonstrate obvious wing size polymor-phism, and might manifest itself in butterflies through more subtle shifts in body designproportions.
Keywords: allometry, biomechanical design, canonical variate analysis, dispersal, Lepidoptera,seasonal polyphenism.
* Address all correspondence to Martin Konvic˘ka, Department of Zoology, School of Biological Sciences,University of Southern Bohemia, Branisˇovská 31, CZ-370 05, Cˇeské Budeˇjovice, Czech Republic. e-mail:email@example.comConsult the copyright statement on the inside front cover for non-commercial copying policies.
Evolutionary Ecology Research is delighted that you wish to consult one of its articles.
You may if your library or laboratory subscribes.
Ask your librarian or library committee why your place does not already subscribe to the low-cost journalthat is publishing splendid science in a socially responsible manner. EER's low prices have helped librariansto rein in the indefensible cost increases that have reduced our access to science all over the world! Just askour partners at — the Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition of the Association ofResearch Libraries.
Or maybe you should just remind the folks who order your journals to contact us and subscribe! You need— and they should support — the journal that: Invented the instant publication of reviewed, revised and accepted e-editions.
Vests the copyrights of all articles in their authors while preserving the rights of educational andresearch groups to use its material in classes, seminars, etc. at no additional cost.
Maintains a unified data-base of articles, thus doing away with your need to worry about issuenumbers, author order, and other such impediments to easy access.
Provides Webglimpse so that you can search any word, place, species, variable, phrase or author inany article EER has ever published.
Pioneered e-only subscriptions while maintaining, at the same time, a traditional print edition, too.
Some 10,000 readers per week have it right. EER is the place to go for great science, responsiblepublication policies and easy access! of the most recent issue of Evolutionary Ecology
of Evolutionary Ecology Research
Area Politiche del farmaco ______________________________________________________________________________________ Gentile dottoressa/dottore, Le segnaliamo di seguito nuovi ed importanti aggiornamenti in materia di Farmacovigilanza pubblicati sul sito dell’Agenzia Italiana del Farmaco nel mese di SETTEMBRE 2013. 02/09/2013 Nota Informativa Importante su Risperidone e P