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Microsoft word - document2First and foremost, remember 911 in an emergency
Poison control -1-800-222-1222
Severe al ergic reaction
1. Immediately cal 911 or your local medical emergency number.
2. Ask the person if he or she is carrying an epinephrine auto-injector to treat an al ergic attack (for example, EpiPen, Twinject).
3. If the person says he or she needs to use an auto-injector, ask whether you should help inject the medication. This is usual y done by pressing the auto-injector against the person's 4. Have the person lie stil on his or her back.
5. Loosen tight clothing and cover the person with a blanket. Don't give the person 6. If there's vomiting or bleeding from the mouth, turn the person on his or her side to 7. If there are no signs of breathing, coughing or movement, begin CPR. Do uninterrupted chest presses of about two a second until paramedics arrive.
8. Get emergency treatment even if symptoms start to improve. After anaphylaxis, it's possible for symptoms to recur. Monitoring in a hospital setting for several hours is Minor Burns
4. Don’t apply butter or ointments, this could cause infection For more severe burns do al of the above and cal 911 Chemical Burns
1. Remove the cause of the burn by first brushing any remaining dry chemical and then
rinsing the chemical off the skin surface with cool, gently running water for 20 minutes or 2. Remove clothing or jewelry that has been contaminated by the chemical.
3. Wrap the burned area loosely with a dry, sterile dressing or a clean cloth.
4. Rewash the burned area for several more minutes if the person experiences increased
5. Take an over-the-counter pain reliever. These include aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin,
others), naproxen (Aleve) or acetaminophen (Tylenol). Use caution when giving aspirin to children or teenagers. Though aspirin is approved for use in children older than age 2, children and teenagers recovering from chickenpox or flu-like symptoms should never take aspirin. Talk to your doctor if you have concerns.
Chemical splash in the eye
If a chemical splashes into your eye, take these steps immediately: Flush your eye with water. Use clean, lukewarm tap water for at least 20 minutes, and use
whichever of these approaches is quickest: 1. Get into the shower and aim a gentle stream of lukewarm water on your forehead over your affected eye. Or direct the stream on the bridge of your nose if both eyes are affected. Hold your affected eye or eyes open.
2. Put your head down and turn it to the side. Then hold your affected eye open under a 3. Young children may do best if they lie down in the bathtub or lean back over a sink while you pour a gentle stream of water on the forehead over the affected eye or on the bridge Wash your hands with soap and water. Thoroughly rinse your hands to be sure no chemical or
soap is left on them. Your first goal is to get the chemical off the surface of your eye, but then you must remove the chemical from your hands.
Remove contact lenses. If they don't come out during the flush, then take them out.
1. Don't rub the eye — this may cause further damage.
2. Don't put anything except water or contact lens saline rinse in the eye, and don't use eye drops unless emergency personnel tel you to do so.
Fainting occurs when the blood supply to your brain is momentarily inadequate, causing you to lose consciousness. This loss of consciousness is usual y brief.
Fainting can have no medical significance, or the cause can be a serious disorder. Therefore, treat loss of consciousness as a medical emergency until the signs and symptoms are relieved and the cause is known. Discuss recurrent fainting spel s with your doctor.
If you feel faint:
1. Lie down or sit down. To reduce the chance of fainting again, don't get up too quickly.
2. Place your head between your knees if you sit down.
If someone else faints:
1. Position the person on his or her back. If the person is breathing, restore blood flow to the brain by raising the person's legs above heart level about 12 inches (30 centimeters) if possible. Loosen belts, col ars or other constrictive clothing. To reduce the chance of fainting again, don't get the person up too quickly. If the person doesn't regain consciousness within one minute, cal 911 or your local emergency number.
2. Check the person's airway to be sure it's clear. Watch for vomiting.
3. Check for signs of circulation (breathing, coughing or movement). If absent, begin CPR.
Cal 911 or your local emergency number. Continue CPR until help arrives or the person 4. If the person was injured in a fal associated with a faint, treat any bumps, bruises or cuts appropriately. Control bleeding with direct pressure.
Nosebleeds are common. Most often they are a nuisance and not a true medical problem. But Among children and young adults, nosebleeds usual y originate from the septum, just inside the nose. The septum separates your nasal chambers. Aged and older adults, nosebleeds can begin from the septum, but they may also begin deeper in the nose's interior. This latter origin of nosebleed is much less common. It may be caused by hardened arteries or high blood pressure.
These nosebleeds begin spontaneously and are often difficult to stop. They require a specialist's To take care of a nosebleed:
1. Sit upright and lean forward. By remaining upright, you reduce blood pressure in the
veins of your nose. This discourages further bleeding. Sitting forward wil help you avoid swal owing blood, which can irritate your stomach.
2. Pinch your nose. Use your thumb and index finger to pinch your nostrils shut. Breathe
through your mouth. Continue to pinch for five to 10 minutes. This maneuver sends pressure to the bleeding point on the nasal septum and often stops the flow of blood.
3. To prevent re-bleeding after bleeding has stopped, don't pick or blow your nose and
don't bend down until several hours after the bleeding episode. Keep your head higher than 4. If re-bleeding occurs, blow out forceful y to clear your nose of blood clots and spray
both sides of your nose with a decongestant nasal spray containing oxymetazoline (Afrin, others). Pinch your nose in the technique described above and cal your doctor.
5. Seek medical care immediately if:
a.The bleeding lasts for more than 20 minutes.
b.The nosebleed fol ows an accident, a fal or an injury to your head, including a punch in the face that may have broken your nose.
Heart Attack cal 911
Someone having a heart attack may experience any or al of the fol owing: 1. Uncomfortable pressure, ful ness or squeezing pain in the center of the chest.
2. Prolonged pain in the upper abdomen.
3. Discomfort or pain spreading beyond the chest to the shoulders, neck, jaw, teeth, or one or 5. Lightheadedness, dizziness, fainting.
Pre-requisites before starting the CMAT Registration: We suggest you have the following ready before starting the CMAT registration process A Computer with good Internet connectivity so that there is no breakage of Internet during registration All your qualification details as you need to enter them while registering for CMAT exam You need to upload your scanned photo while registering, h