SOME DRUGS FROM 2010 THAT MIGHT CHANGE YOUR PRACTICE ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR OF EMERGENCY MEDICINE Although more than a dozen New Molecular Entities (NMEs) were approved by the FDA in 2010, most of them will have little impact on the practice of emergency physicians. Nonetheless, many will affect our patients. While I don’t expect you to prescribe Pradaxa®, Exalgo®, or Vivitrol®, you need to
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a solid foundation
Al Salam BANS Energy Drinks at School
Energy drinks such as RED BULL, ORNAMIN, etc.
levels of dopamine, a chemical in the brain's pleasure are typically consumed for fast energy. They
center. All of these physical responses make you feel as contain high concentrations of caffeine and
sugars and ephedrine, taurine, ginseng, carnitine,
creatine, ginkgo biloba and inositol.
Because caffeine is a stimulant, energy drinks can lead to heart palpitations, anxiety and insomnia -- it also can make When drunk before a strenuous workout or a you feel jittery and irritable. Over time, caffeine can become challenging game of football or basketball, they addictive. It is also a diuretic -- it causes the kidneys to remove extra fluid into the urine. That leaves less fluid in the body. So drinking an energy drink while you're Ingredients in energy drinks work as a diuretic thereby can be particularly dangerous. The combination of the diuretic effect acan severely dehydrate It is reported that it takes 9 gallons of water (within 2 days) to flush one, sugar free can of Red Bull out of the Other ingredients can also be problematic. For example, the stimulant ephedrine, an ingredient in many decongestants, can cause heart problems. In 2001, two Regular stimulant drinking can lead to heart problems California high school students fainted after ingesting energy drinks containing ephedrine. Because very little research has been done on the long-term health effects of The physical effects of the ingredients make you ‘feel’ consuming excess amounts of taurine and other ingredients in energy drinks, many health experts advise Caffeine blocks adenosine (a brain chemical involved in pregnant women and young children to avoid them. sleep) causing neurons in the brain to fire. Although the manufacturers claim that energy drinks can improve your endurance and performance, many health experts disagree. Any boost you get from drinking them, Thinking the body is in an emergency, the pituitary gland they say, is solely from the sugar and caffeine. initiates the body's "fight or flight" response by releasing adrenaline. This hormone makes the heart beat faster and the eyes dilate. It also causes the liver to release extra In 2000, Red Bull was banned in France following the death of an sugar into the bloodstream for energy. Caffeine affects the 18 year old Irish athlete having drunk four cans. Red Bull drink lifts stroke risk: Australian study
Thu Aug 14, 2008 10:26pm EDT By Rob Taylor CANBERRA (Reuters) - Just one can of the popular stimulant energy drink Red Bull can increase the risk of heart attack or stroke, even in young people, Australian medical researchers said on Friday. The caffeine-loaded beverage, popular with university students and adrenaline sport fans to give them "wings", caused the blood to become sticky, a pre-cursor to cardiovascular problems such as stroke. "One hour after they drank Red Bull, (their blood systems) were no longer normal. They were abnormal like we would expect in a patient with cardiovascular disease," Scott Willoughby, lead researcher from the Cardiovascular Research Centre at the Royal Adelaide Hospital, told the
Scottish Paediatric & Adult Haemoglobinopathy Managed Clinical Network Information about Hydroxycarbamide (Hydroxyurea) in Sickle Cell Disease What is hydroxycarbamide? Hydroxycarbamide is a drug which we use to treat a variety of blood and bone marrow diseases, including sickle cell disease. Hydroxycarbamide comes either as a capsule or a tablet which you swallow. You usually